Types of Citation Styles in Essays


Types of Citation Styles in Essays


Citation is very important when you are writing an essay. It is a way of giving credits to all the people and their creative works which helped you in completing your research and finish your essay. Citation also keeps you away from plagiarism and helps your readers to go through any more details about the topic if they want to.

There are a few types of citation styles available for essays. Here are the types of citation style available for you—

  • APA (American Psychological Association)—APA is basically used by anthropologist, psychologists and a few business managers. There are few guidelines how to use the APA style. It basically needs three types of information. The author’s last name, date of publication of author’s work and the page number must be put correctly while you are using APA style. However, the page number requires only when you are using a direct quotation in your essay.

Example: Studies that examine links between cardiovascular and mental activity must understand that cardiovascular activity itself comprises a suite of variables (Van Roon, Mulder, Althaus, and Mulder, 2004).

The parenthetical citation “(Van Roon, Mulder, Althaus, and Mulder, 2004)” refers to an article by the four listed coauthors. Publication information about the article would be found in the References, where it would be formatted this way: Van Roon, A., Mulder, L., Althaus, M., and Mulder, G. (2004). Introducing a baroflex model for studying cardiovascular effects of mental workload. Psychophysiology, 41, 961–981.

  • MLA (Modern Language Association) – MLA is used in literature work. MLA style features brief parenthetical citations in the text that is used to an alphabetical list of works cited that appears at the end of the work.MLA can be divided into three parts—Core Elements, Rationale and Containers. Rationale is a new MLA style.

Example: As Frank Lentricchia argues, The Waste Land should not be understood as a logical sequence of events but as “an intellectual and emotional complex grasped in an instant of time” (194).

The parenthetical citation “(194)” refers to a page number from a book by Frank Lentricchia. Publication information about the book would be found in the Works Cited, where it would be formatted this way: Lentricchia, Frank. Modernist Quartet. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

  • Chicago/Turabian Citation Style—This citation style tells us the rules of grammar and punctuation in American English. Chicago has two ways of documentation style. First one is Notes and bibliographical style which is widely used by humanities from literature, history and the arts and the other one is author-date style which is used in natural, physical and social science. Here, the citation is presented as footnotes.

Example: Nineteenth-century bohemians were more dependent on mainstream culture than might at first appear. As one scholar puts it, “Bohemia”s self-designated types always existed in symbiotic relation to bourgeois culture rather than in opposition to it.”1

The footnote “1” would refer to a note at the bottom of the page containing full publication information and formatted this way: 1. Christine Stansell, American Moderns: Bohemian New York and the Creation of a New Century (New York: Henry Holt and Co., 2000), 18.

So here are the types of citation available for your essay. You can go through the same and choose your best suited type of citation style. Always remember citation makes your essay more reliable and arguments more supportive and strong.

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